Providing complete cardiovascular care solutions
Heart Attack Centre
When you're having a heart attack, every second counts and forever can easily slip away. ACI's Heart Attack Centre is ready to provide life saving care when you need it the most. Find out more.
ACI Cath Lab
Trinidad's Leading Cath Lab Program. ACI Catheterization Laboratory is a world-class, fully equipped facility designed to provide reliable and consistent diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. Early diagnosis can lead to better treatment and increase your chances of being there for your family. Find out more.
ACIst: Surgical Therapies
Trinidad's Full Service Heart Care Facility. Heart Disease is on the rise throughout the world. At ACIst, it's our sole mission to battle this ongoing epidemic. We specialise in Open Heart Surgery allowing you to get back to sharing your life. Find out more.
What is heart disease?
Heart disease (cardiac disease) is a group of disorders that affect the muscle or blood vessels of the heart. Heart disease is a common form of cardiovascular disease caused by a fatty plaque deposit build up in the blood vessels until it eventually restricts the blood flow leading to a heart attack (myocardial infarction). Heart disease can also be caused by an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), the thickening or enlarging of the heart muscles (cardiomyopathy), an infection, or heart valve problems. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the world.
What is a heart attack?
A heart attack (myocardial infarction) refers to permanent damage done to the heart muscle by a sudden loss of its blood supply. A very common cause of heart attacks is atherosclerosis or coronary artery disease which is caused by a build up of plaque in the arteries that can lead to a restriction in the blood flow; when the restriction progresses to occlusion this can cause death or permanent damage to a part of the heart muscle.
Heart attack symptoms
Heart attack symptoms include:
- Chest pain or discomfort. This involves uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain in the center or left side of the chest that can be mild or strong. This discomfort or pain often lasts more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea (feeling sick to your stomach), vomiting, light-headedness or sudden dizziness, or breaking out in a cold sweat.
- Upper body discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, or jaw